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Journal of Electronic Science and Technology, JEST

ISSN: 1674-862X

Frequency: 4 issues/year

Writing Tips

General Guidelines for Academic Writing

In general, it is inappropriate simply to write as you would speak in academic writing. In conversation, the listener can ask for clarification or elaboration easily, and thus the speaker can use imprecise language, ramble from topic to topic freely, and so on. Instead, academic writing must stand on its own, conveying the author's ideas clearly through words alone. As a result, academic writing requires substantial effort to construct formal language relevant to a well-defined topic. The best academic writing will be difficult to write but very easy to read.

Rules for academic writing are quite strict, though often unstated. Academic writing is used in scientific papers or reports whenever you want to convey your ideas to readers, with many possible backgrounds and assumptions. Unlike casual conversation or emails to friends, academic writing needs to be clear, unambiguous, literal, and well structured.


     The checklist below will help you revise and polish drafts of academic papers. After checking your draft against these points, ask a colleague to help you in areas that need work or that you do not understand.


1. Is your contributions original or reasonably interesting?

2. Is your contributions (main ideas) clearly stated in the abstract?

3. Have you included enough evidence or proof carefully and explained how it proves your point?

4. Is your paper logical? Is there any contradiction in your paper?

5. If appropriate have you given enough references?

6. Is your sentence style straightforward and concise? (No wordiness)

7. Is your grammar basically correct? Have you proofread the final copy?